• Last updated: Thu, Dec 14, 2023Status: Published
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  • Adrian Adermon, Lisa Laun, Patrik Lind, Martin Olsson, Jan Sauermann, and Anna Sj√∂gren

Earnings Losses and the Role of the Welfare State During the COVID-19 Pandemic: Evidence from Sweden

Many governments introduced temporary adjustments to counter the economic and health consequences of the COVID-19 pandemic. We study the importance of already-existing government transfers and new pandemic measures to mitigate individual income losses during the onset of the pandemic in Sweden using a difference-in-differences approach and population-wide data on monthly earnings and government transfer payments. We find that labor earnings dropped by 2.7 percent in 2020. Existing transfers and new pandemic measures reduced earnings losses to 1.5 percent. These average effects mask considerable differences in earnings losses, which were, by and large, evened out by existing transfers and new pandemic measures.

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